6.01 (a) Each player of the offensiveteam shall bat in the order that his name appears in his team's batting order.
(b) The first batter in each inning after thefirst inning shall be the player whose name follows that of the last player who legallycompleted his time at bat in the preceding inning.
6.02 (a) The batter shall takehis position in the batter's box promptly when it is his time at bat.
(b) The batter shall not leave his positionin the batter's box after the pitcher comes to Set Position, or starts his windup.
PENALTY: If the pitcher pitches, the umpire shall call "Ball" or "Strike,"as the case may be. The batter leaves the batter's box at the risk of having a strikedelivered and called, unless he requests the umpire to call "Time." Thebatter is not at liberty to step in and out of the batter's box at will. Once a batterhas taken his position in the batter's box, he shall not be permitted to step outof the batter's box in order to use the resin or the pine tar rag, unless there isa delay in the game action or, in the judgment of the umpires, weather conditionswarrant an exception. Umpires will not call "Time" at the request of thebatter or any member of his team once the pitcher has started his windup or has cometo a set position even though the batter claims "dust in his eyes," "steamedglasses," "didn't get the sign" or for any other cause. Umpires maygrant a hitter's request for "Time" once he is in the batter's box, butthe umpire should eliminate hitters walking out of the batter's box without reason.If umpires are not lenient, batters will understand that they are in the batter'sbox and they must remain there until the ball is pitched. If pitcher delays oncethe batter is in his box and the umpire feels that the delay is not justified hemay allow the batter to step out of the box momentarily. If after the pitcher startshis windup or comes to a "set position" with a runner on, he does not gothrough with his pitch because the batter has stepped out of the box, it shall notbe called a balk. Both the pitcher and batter have violated a rule and the umpireshall call time and both the batter and pitcher start over from "scratch."
(c) If the batter refuses to take his positionin the batter's box during his time at bat, the umpire shall order the pitcher topitch, and shall call "Strike" on each such pitch. The batter may takehis proper position after any such pitch, and the regular ball and strike count shallcontinue, but if he does not take his proper position before three strikes are called,he shall be declared out.
6.03 The batter's legal positionshall be with both feet within the batter's box.
APPROVED RULING: The lines defining the box are within the batter's box.
6.04 A batter has legally completedhis time at bat when he is put out or becomes a runner.
6.05 A batter is out when_
(a) His fair or foul fly ball (other than afoul tip) is legally caught by a fielder;
(b) A third strike is legally caught by thecatcher; "Legally caught" means in the catcher's glove before the balltouches the ground. It is not legal if the ball lodges in his clothing or paraphernalia;or if it touches the umpire and is caught by the catcher on the rebound. If a foultip first strikes the catcher's glove and then goes on through and is caught by bothhands against his body or protector, before the ball touches the ground, it is astrike, and if third strike, batter is out. If smothered against his body or protector,it is a catch provided the ball struck the catcher's glove or hand first.
(c) A third strike is not caught by the catcherwhen first base is occupied before two are out;
(d) He bunts foul on third strike;
(e) An Infield Fly is declared;
(f) He attempts to hit a third strike and theball touches him;
(g) His fair ball touches him before touchinga fielder;
(h) After hitting or bunting a fair ball, hisbat hits the ball a second time in fair territory. The ball is dead and no runnersmay advance. If the batter runner drops his bat and the ball rolls against the batin fair territory and, in the umpire's judgment, there was no intention to interferewith the course of the ball, the ball is alive and in play; If a bat breaks and partof it is in fair territory and is hit by a batted ball or part of it hits a runneror fielder, play shall continue and no interference called. If batted ball hits partof broken bat in foul territory, it is a foul ball. If a whole bat is thrown intofair territory and interferes with a defensive player attempting to make a play,interference shall be called, whether intentional or not. In cases where the battinghelmet is accidently hit with a batted or thrown ball, the ball remains in play thesame as if it has not hit the helmet. If a batted ball strikes a batting helmet orany other object foreign to the natural ground while on foul territory, it is a foulball and the ball is dead. If, in the umpire's judgment, there is intent on the partof a baserunner to interfere with a batted or thrown ball by dropping the helmetor throwing it at the ball, then the runner would be out, the ball dead and runnerswould return to last base legally touched.
(i) After hitting or bunting a foul ball, heintentionally deflects the course of the ball in any manner while running to firstbase. The ball is dead and no runners may advance;
(j) After a third strike or after he hits afair ball, he or first base is tagged before he touches first base;
(k) In running the last half of the distancefrom home base to first base, while the ball is being fielded to first base, he runsoutside (to the right of) the three foot line, or inside (to the left of) the foulline, and in the umpire's judgment in so doing interferes with the fielder takingthe throw at first base; except that he may run outside (to the right of) the threefoot line or inside (to the left of) the foul line to avoid a fielder attemptingto field a batted ball;
(l) An infielder intentionally drops a fairfly ball or line drive, with first, first and second, first and third, or first,second and third base occupied before two are out. The ball is dead and runner orrunners shall return to their original base or bases;
APPROVED RULING: In this situation, the batter is not out if the infielder permitsthe ball to drop untouched to the ground, except when the Infield Fly rule applies.
(m)A preceding runner shall, in the umpire'sjudgment, intentionally interfere with a fielder who is attempting to catch a thrownball or to throw a ball in an attempt to complete any play: The objective of thisrule is to penalize the offensive team for deliberate, unwarranted, unsportsmanlikeaction by the runner in leaving the baseline for the obvious purpose of crashingthe pivot man on a double play, rather than trying to reach the base. Obviously thisis an umpire's judgment play.
(n) With two out, a runner on third base, andtwo strikes on the batter, the runner attempts to steal home base on a legal pitchand the ball touches the runner in the batter's strike zone. The umpire shall call"Strike Three," the batter is out and the run shall not count; before twoare out, the umpire shall call "Strike Three," the ball is dead, and therun counts.
6.06 A batter is out for illegalaction when_
(a) He hits a ball with one or both feet onthe ground entirely outside the batter's box. If a batter hits a ball fair or foulwhile out of the batter's box, he shall be called out. Umpires should pay particularattention to the position of the batter's feet if he attempts to hit the ball whilehe is being intentionally passed. A batter cannot jump or step out of the batter'sbox and hit the ball.
(b) He steps from one batter's box to the otherwhile the pitcher is in position ready to pitch;
(c) He interferes with the catcher's fieldingor throwing by stepping out of the batter's box or making any other movement thathinders the catcher's play at home base. EXCEPTION: Batter is not out if any runnerattempting to advance is put out, or if runner trying to score is called out forbatter's interference. If the batter interferes with the catcher, the plate umpireshall call "interference." The batter is out and the ball dead. No playermay advance on such interference (offensive interference) and all runners must returnto the last base that was, in the judgment of the umpire, legally touched at thetime of the interference. If, however, the catcher makes a play and the runner attemptingto advance is put out, it is to be assumed there was no actual interference and thatrunner is out_not the batter. Any other runners on the base at the time may advanceas the ruling is that there is no actual interference if a runner is retired. Inthat case play proceeds just as if no violation had been called. If a batter strikesat a ball and misses and swings so hard he carries the bat all the way around and,in the umpire's judgment, unintentionally hits the catcher or the ball in back ofhim on the backswing before the catcher has securely held the ball, it shall be calleda strike only (not interference). The ball will be dead, however, and no runner shalladvance on the play.
(d) He uses or attempts to use a bat that, inthe umpire's judgment, has been altered or tampered with in such a way to improvethe distance factor or cause an unusual reaction on the baseball. This includes,bats that are filled, flat surfaced, nailed, hollowed, grooved or covered with asubstance such as paraffin, wax, etc. No advancement on the bases will be allowedand any out or outs made during a play shall stand. In addition to being called out,the player shall be ejected from the game and may be subject to additional penaltiesas determined by his League President.
6.07 BATTING OUT OF TURN.
(a) A batter shall be called out, on appeal,when he fails to bat in his proper turn, and another batter completes a time at batin his place. (1) The proper batter may take his place in the batter's box at anytime before the improper batter becomes a runner or is put out, and any balls andstrikes shall be counted in the proper batter's time at bat.
(b) When an improper batter becomes a runneror is put out, and the defensive team appeals to the umpire before the first pitchto the next batter of either team, or before any play or attempted play, the umpireshall (1) declare the proper batter out; and (2) nullify any advance or score madebecause of a ball batted by the improper batter or because of the improper batter'sadvance to first base on a hit, an error, a base on balls, a hit batter or otherwise.NOTE: If a runner advances, while the improper batter is at bat, on a stolen base,balk, wild pitch or passed ball, such advance is legal.
(c) When an improper batter becomes a runneror is put out, and a pitch is made to the next batter of either team before an appealis made, the improper batter thereby becomes the proper batter, and the results ofhis time at bat become legal.
(d) (1) When the proper batter is called outbecause he has failed to bat in turn, the next batter shall be the batter whose namefollows that of the proper batter thus called out; (2) When an improper batter becomesa proper batter because no appeal is made before the next pitch, the next battershall be the batter whose name follows that of such legalized improper batter. Theinstant an improper batter's actions are legalized, the batting order picks up withthe name following that of the legalized improper batter. The umpire shall not directthe attention of any person to the presence in the batter's box of an improper batter.This rule is designed to require constant vigilance by the players and managers ofboth teams. There are two fundamentals to keep in mind: When a player bats out ofturn, the proper batter is the player called out. If an improper batter bats andreaches base or is out and no appeal is made before a pitch to the next batter, orbefore any play or attempted play, that improper batter is considered to have battedin proper turn and establishes the order that is to follow.
To illustrate various situations arising frombatting out of turn, assume a first inning batting order as follows: Abel Baker CharlesDaniel Edward Frank George Hooker Irwin.
PLAY (1). Baker bats. With the count 2 ballsand 1 strike, (a) the offensive team discovers the error or (b) the defensive teamappeals. RULING: In either case, Abel replaces Baker, with the count on him 2 ballsand 1 strike.
PLAY (2). Baker bats and doubles. The defensiveteam appeals (a) immediately or (b) after a pitch to Charles. RULING: (a) Abel iscalled out and Baker is the proper batter; (b) Baker stays on second and Charlesis the proper batter.
PLAY (3). Abel walks. Baker walks. Charles forcesBaker. Edward bats in Daniel's turn. While Edward is at bat, Abel scores and Charlesgoes to second on a wild pitch. Edward grounds out, sending Charles to third. Thedefensive team appeals (a) immediately or (b) after a pitch to Daniel. RULING: (a)Abel's run counts and Charles is entitled to second base since these advances werenot made because of the improper batter batting a ball or advancing to first base.Charles must return to second base because his advance to third resulted from theimproper batter batting a ball. Daniel is called out, and Edward is the proper batter;(b) Abel's run counts and Charles stays on third. The proper batter is Frank.
PLAY (4). With the bases full and two out. Hookerbats in Frank's turn, and triples, scoring three runs. The defensive team appeals(a) immediately, or (b) after a pitch to George. RULING: (a) Frank is called outand no runs score. George is the proper batter to lead off the second inning; (b)Hooker stays on third and three runs score. Irwin is the proper batter.
PLAY (5). After Play (4) (b) above, George continuesat bat. (a) Hooker is picked off third base for the third out, or (b) George fliesout, and no appeal is made. Who is the proper leadoff batter in the second inning?RULING: (a) Irwin. He became the proper batter as soon as the first pitch to Georgelegalized Hooker's triple; (b) Hooker. When no appeal was made, the first pitch tothe leadoff batter of the opposing team legalized George's time at bat.
PLAY (6). Daniel walks and Abel comes to bat.Daniel was an improper batter, and if an appeal is made before the first pitch toAbel, Abel is out, Daniel is removed from base, and Baker is the proper batter. Thereis no appeal, and a pitch is made to Abel. Daniel's walk is now legalized, and Edwardthereby becomes the proper batter. Edward can replace Abel at any time before Abelis put out or becomes a runner. He does not do so. Abel flies out, and Baker comesto bat. Abel was an improper batter, and if an appeal is made before the first pitchto Baker, Edward is out, and the proper batter is Frank. There is no appeal, anda pitch is made to Baker. Abel's out is now legalized, and the proper batter is Baker.Baker walks. Charles is the proper batter. Charles flies out. Now Daniel is the properbatter, but he is on second base. Who is the proper batter? RULING: The proper batteris Edward. When the proper batter is on base, he is passed over, and the followingbatter becomes the proper batter.
6.08 The batter becomes a runnerand is entitled to first base without liability to be put out (provided he advancesto and touches first base) when_
(a) Four "balls" have been calledby the umpire; A batter who is entitled to first base because of a base on ballsmust go to first base and touch the base before other base runners are forced toadvance. This applies when bases are full and applies when a substitute runner isput into the game. If, in advancing, the base runner thinks there is a play and heslides past the base before or after touching it he may be put out by the fieldertagging him. If he fails to touch the base to which he is entitled and attempts toadvance beyond that base he may be put out by tagging him or the base he missed.
(b) He is touched by a pitched ball which heis not attempting to hit unless (1) The ball is in the strike zone when it touchesthe batter, or (2) The batter makes no attempt to avoid being touched by the ball;If the ball is in the strike zone when it touches the batter, it shall be calleda strike, whether or not the batter tries to avoid the ball. If the ball is outsidethe strike zone when it touches the batter, it shall be called a ball if he makesno attempt to avoid being touched.
APPROVED RULING: When the batter is touched by a pitched ball which does not entitlehim to first base, the ball is dead and no runner may advance.
(c) The catcher or any fielder interferes withhim. If a play follows the interference, the manager of the offense may advise theplate umpire that he elects to decline the interference penalty and accept the play.Such election shall be made immediately at the end of the play. However, if the batterreaches first base on a hit, an error, a base on balls, a hit batsman, or otherwise,and all other runners advance at least one base, the play proceeds without referenceto the interference. If catcher's interference is called with a play in progressthe umpire will allow the play to continue because the manager may elect to takethe play. If the batter runner missed first base, or a runner misses his next base,he shall be considered as having reached the base, as stated in Note of Rule 7.04(d). Examples of plays the manager might elect to take:
1. Runneron third, one out, batter hits fly ball to the outfield on which the runner scoresbut catcher's interference was called. The offensive manager may elect to take therun and have batter called out or have runner remain at third and batter awardedfirst base.
2. Runneron second base. Catcher interferes with batter as he bunts ball fairly sending runnerto third base. The manager may rather have runner on third base with an out on theplay than have runners on second and first. In situations where the manager wantsthe "interference" penalty to apply, the following interpretation shallbe made of 6.08 (c): If the catcher (or any fielder) interferes with the batter,the batter is awarded first base. If, on such interference a runner is trying toscore by a steal or squeeze from third base, the ball is dead and the runner on thirdscores and batter is awarded first base. If the catcher interferes with the batterwith no runners trying to score from third on a squeeze or steal, then the ball isdead, batter is awarded first base and runners who are forced to advance, do advance.Runners not attempting to steal or not forced to advance remain on the base theyoccupied at the time of the interference. If the catcher interferes with the batterbefore the pitcher delivers the ball, it shall not be considered interference onthe batter under Rule 6.08 (c). In such cases, the umpire shall call "Time"and the pitcher and batter start over from "scratch."
(d) A fair ball touches an umpire or a runneron fair territory before touching a fielder. If a fair ball touches an umpire afterhaving passed a fielder other than the pitcher, or having touched a fielder, includingthe pitcher, the ball is in play.
6.09 The batter becomes a runnerwhen_
(a) He hits a fair ball;
(b) The third strike called by the umpire isnot caught, providing (1) first base is unoccupied, or (2) first base is occupiedwith two out; When a batter becomes a base runner on a third strike not caught bythe catcher and starts for the dugout, or his position, and then realizes his situationand attempts then to reach first base, he is not out unless he or first base is taggedbefore he reaches first base. If, however, he actually reaches the dugout or dugoutsteps, he may not then attempt to go to first base and shall be out.
(c) A fair ball, after having passed a fielderother than the pitcher, or after having been touched by a fielder, including thepitcher, shall touch an umpire or runner on fair territory;
(d) A fair ball passes over a fence or intothe stands at a distance from home base of 250 feet or more. Such hit entitles thebatter to a home run when he shall have touched all bases legally. A fair fly ballthat passes out of the playing field at a point less than 250 feet from home baseshall entitle the batter to advance to second base only;
(e) A fair ball, after touching the ground,bounds into the stands, or passes through, over or under a fence, or through or undera scoreboard, or through or under shrubbery, or vines on the fence, in which casethe batter and the runners shall be entitled to advance two bases;
(f) Any fair ball which, either before or aftertouching the ground, passes through or under a fence, or through or under a scoreboard,or through any opening in the fence or scoreboard, or through or under shrubbery,or vines on the fence, or which sticks in a fence or scoreboard, in which case thebatter and the runners shall be entitled to two bases;
(g) Any bounding fair ball is deflected by thefielder into the stands, or over or under a fence on fair or foul territory, in whichcase the batter and all runners shall be entitled to advance two bases;
(h) Any fair fly ball is deflected by the fielderinto the stands, or over the fence into foul territory, in which case the battershall be entitled to advance to second base; but if deflected into the stands orover the fence in fair territory, the batter shall be entitled to a home run. However,should such a fair fly be deflected at a point less than 250 feet from home plate,the batter shall be entitled to two bases only.
6.10 Any League may elect to usethe Designated Hitter Rule.
(a) In the event of inter league competitionbetween clubs of Leagues using the Designated Hitter Rule and clubs of Leagues notusing the Designated Hitter Rule, the rule will be used as follows:
1. In WorldSeries or exhibition games, the rule will be used or not used as is the practiceof the home team.
2. In AllStar games, the rule will only be used if both teams and both Leagues so agree.
(b) The Rule provides as follows: A hitter maybe designated to bat for the starting pitcher and all subsequent pitchers in anygame without otherwise affecting the status of the pitcher(s) in the game. A DesignatedHitter for the pitcher must be selected prior to the game and must be included inthe lineup cards presented to the Umpire in Chief. The designated hitter named inthe starting lineup must come to bat at least one time, unless the opposing clubchanges pitchers. It is not mandatory that a club designate a hitter for the pitcher,but failure to do so prior to the game precludes the use of a Designated Hitter forthat game. Pinch hitters for a Designated Hitter may be used. Any substitute hitterfor a Designated Hitter becomes the Designated Hitter. A replaced Designated Hittershall not re enter the game in any capacity. The Designated Hitter may be used defensively,continuing to bat in the same position in the batting order, but the pitcher mustthen bat in the place of the substituted defensive player, unless more than one substitutionis made, and the manager then must designate their spots in the batting order. Arunner may be substituted for the Designated Hitter and the runner assumes the roleof Designated Hitter. A Designated Hitter may not pinch run. A Designated Hitteris "locked" into the batting order. No multiple substitutions may be madethat will alter the batting rotation of the Designated Hitter. Once the game pitcheris switched from the mound to a defensive position this move shall terminate theDesignated Hitter role for the remainder of the game. Once a pinch hitter bats forany player in the batting order and then enters the game to pitch, this move shallterminate the Designated Hitter role for the remainder of the game. Once the gamepitcher bats for the Designated Hitter this move shall terminate the Designated Hitterrole for the remainder of the game. (The game pitcher may only pinch hit for theDesignated Hitter). Once a Designated Hitter assumes a defensive position this moveshall terminate the Designated Hitter role for the remainder of the game. A substitutefor the Designated Hitter need not be announced until it is the Designated Hitter'sturn to bat.
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