9.01 (a) The league president shallappoint one or more umpires to officiate at each league championship game. The umpiresshall be responsible for the conduct of the game in accordance with these officialrules and for maintaining discipline and order on the playing field during the game.
(b) Each umpire is the representative of theleague and of professional baseball, and is authorized and required to enforce allof these rules. Each umpire has authority to order a player, coach, manager or clubofficer or employee to do or refrain from doing anything which affects the administeringof these rules, and to enforce the prescribed penalties.
(c) Each umpire has authority to rule on anypoint not specifically covered in these rules.
(d) Each umpire has authority to disqualifyany player, coach, manager or substitute for objecting to decisions or for unsportsmanlikeconduct or language, and to eject such disqualified person from the playing field.If an umpire disqualifies a player while a play is in progress, the disqualificationshall not take effect until no further action is possible in that play.
(e) Each umpire has authority at his discretionto eject from the playing field (1) any person whose duties permit his presence onthe field, such as ground crew members, ushers, photographers, newsmen, broadcastingcrew members, etc., and (2) any spectator or other person not authorized to be onthe playing field.
9.02 (a) Any umpire's decisionwhich involves judgment, such as, but not limited to, whether a batted ball is fairor foul, whether a pitch is a strike or a ball, or whether a runner is safe or out,is final. No player, manager, coach or substitute shall object to any such judgmentdecisions.
(a) Players leaving their position in the fieldor on base, or managers or coaches leaving the bench or coaches box, to argue onBALLS AND STRIKES will not be permitted. They should be warned if they start forthe plate to protest the call. If they continue, they will be ejected from the game.
(b) If there is reasonable doubt that any umpire'sdecision may be in conflict with the rules, the manager may appeal the decision andask that a correct ruling be made. Such appeal shall be made only to the umpire whomade the protested decision.
(c) If a decision is appealed, the umpire makingthe decision may ask another umpire for information before making a final decision.No umpire shall criticize, seek to reverse or interfere with another umpire's decisionunless asked to do so by the umpire making it.
(c) The manager or the catcher may request theplate umpire to ask his partner for help on a half swing when the plate umpire callsthe pitch a ball, but not when the pitch is called a strike. The manager may notcomplain that the umpire made an improper call, but only that he did not ask hispartner for help. Field umpires must be alerted to the request from the plate umpireand quickly respond. Managers may not protest the call of a ball or strike on thepretense they are asking for information about a half swing. Appeals on a half swingmay be made only on the call of ball and when asked to appeal, the home plate umpiremust refer to a base umpire for his judgment on the half swing. Should the base umpirecall the pitch a strike, the strike call shall prevail. Baserunners must be alertto the possibility that the base umpire on appeal from the plate umpire may reversethe call of a ball to the call of a strike, in which event the runner is in jeopardyof being out by the catcher's throw. Also, a catcher must be alert in a base stealingsituation if a ball call is reversed to a strike by the base umpire upon appeal fromthe plate umpire. The ball is in play on appeal on a half swing. On a half swing,if the manager comes out to argue with first or third base umpire and if after beingwarned he persists in arguing, he can be ejected as he is now arguing over a calledball or strike.
(d) No umpire may be replaced during a gameunless he is injured or becomes ill.
9.03 (a) If there is only one umpire,he shall have complete jurisdiction in administering the rules. He may take any positionon the playing field which will enable him to discharge his duties (usually) behindthe catcher, but sometimes behind the pitcher if there are runners).
(b) If there are two or more umpires, one shallbe designated umpire in chief and the others field umpires.
9.04 (a) The umpire in chief shallstand behind the catcher. (He usually is called the plate umpire.) His duties shallbe to:
(1) Takefull charge of, and be responsible for, the proper conduct of the game;
(2) Calland count balls and strike;
(3) Calland declare fair balls and fouls except those commonly called by field umpires;
(4) Makeall decisions on the batter;
(5) Makeall decisions except those commonly reserved for the field umpires;
(6) Decidewhen a game shall be forfeited;
(7) If atime limit has been set, announce the fact and the time set before the game starts;
(8) Informthe official scorer of the official batting order, and any changes in the lineupsand batting order, on request;
(9) Announceany special ground rules, at his discretion.
(b) A field umpire may take any position onthe playing field he thinks best suited to make impending decisions on the bases.His duties shall be to:
(1) Makeall decisions on the bases except those specifically reserved to the umpire in chief;
(2) Takeconcurrent jurisdiction with the umpire in chief in calling "Time," balks,illegal pitches, or defacement or discoloration of the ball by any player.
(3) Aidthe umpire in chief in every manner in enforcing the rules, and excepting the powerto forfeit the game, shall have equal authority with the umpire in chief in administeringand enforcing the rules and maintaining discipline.
(c) If different decisions should be made onone play by different umpires, the umpire in chief shall call all the umpires intoconsultation, with no manager or player present. After consultation, the umpire inchief (unless another umpire may have been designated by the league president) shalldetermine which decision shall prevail, based on which umpire was in best positionand which decision was most likely correct. Play shall proceed as if only the finaldecision had been made.
9.05 (a) The umpire shall reportto the league president within twelve hours after the end of a game all violationsof rules and other incidents worthy of comment, including the disqualification ofany trainer, manager, coach or player, and the reasons therefor.
(b) When any trainer, manager, coach or playeris disqualified for a flagrant offense such as the use of obscene or indecent language,or an assault upon an umpire, trainer, manager, coach or player, the umpire shallforward full particulars to the league president within four hours after the endof the game.
(c) After receiving the umpire's report thata trainer, manager, coach or player has been disqualified, the league president shallimpose such penalty as he deems justified, and shall notify the person penalizedand the manager of the club of which the penalized person is a member. If the penaltyincludes a fine, the penalized person shall pay the amount of the fine to the leaguewithin five days after receiving notice of the fine. Failure to pay such fine withinfive days shall result in the offender being debarred from participation in any gameand from sitting on the players' bench during any game, until the fine is paid.
GENERAL INSTRUCTIONS TO UMPIRE
Umpires, on the field, should not indulge in conversation with players. Keep outof the coaching box and do not talk to the coach on duty.
Keep your uniform in good condition. Be active and alert on the field.
Be courteous, always, to club officials; avoid visiting in club offices and thoughtlessfamiliarity with officers or employees of contesting clubs. When you enter a ballpark your sole duty is to umpire a ball game as the representative of baseball.
Do not allow criticism to keep you from studying out bad situations that may leadto protested games. Carry your rule book. It is better to consult the rules and holdup the game ten minutes to decide a knotty problem than to have a game thrown outon protest and replayed.
Keep the game moving. A ball game is often helped by energetic and earnest work ofthe umpires.
You are the only official representative of baseball on the ball field. It is oftena trying position which requires the exercise of much patience and good judgment,but do not forget that the first essential in working out of a bad situation is tokeep your own temper and self control.
You no doubt are going to make mistakes, but never attempt to "even up"after having made one. Make all decisions as you see them and forget which is thehome or visiting club.
Keep your eye everlastingly on the ball while it is in play. It is more vital toknow just where a fly ball fell, or a thrown ball finished up, than whether or nota runner missed a base. Do not call the plays too quickly, or turn away too fastwhen a fielder is throwing to complete a double play. Watch out for dropped ballsafter you have called a man out.
Do not come running with your arm up or down, denoting "out" or "safe."Wait until the play is completed before making any arm motion.
Each umpire team should work out a simple set of signals, so the proper umpire canalways right a manifestly wrong decision when convinced he has made an error. Ifsure you got the play correctly, do not be stampeded by players' appeals to "askthe other man." If not sure, ask one of your associates. Do not carry this toextremes, be alert and get your own plays. But remember! The first requisite is toget decisions correctly. If in doubt don't hesitate to consult your associate. Umpiredignity is important but never as important as "being right."
A most important rule for umpires is always "BE IN POSITION TO SEE EVERY PLAY."Even though your decision may be 100% right, players still question it if they feelyou were not in a spot to see the play clearly and definitely.
Finally, be courteous, impartial and firm, and so compel respect from all.
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